Cava de ' Tirreni is an ancient and historical city, now home to more than 50,000 inhabitants distributed in the village and in more than twenty villages , giving in Cava de ' Tyrrhenians the characteristic of " star city " .
Its first inhabitants , the "terre de la Cava ," were the Tyrrhenians , Etruscan nomadic tribes , whose presence is documented by artifacts in the Museum of Archaeology of the Benedictine Abbey and in ' civic Antiquarium .
In Roman times it was a place renowned resort chosen by the nobility of Rome.
Remains of temples and villas of Roman times, probably belonging to the Gens Mitilia were found in the ancient villages of Vetranto and S. Cesareo . Other Roman remains were found in different parts of the territory, especially in the north , on the border of the ' Roman settlement of Nuceria Alfaterna .
It was inhabited by the Lombards , whose civilization is still witnessed by a number of ancient towers built for the Game of the Doves and many place names, dating from three centuries of Lombard domination (IX - XI).
Its foundation dates back to the Romans ( his coat of arms bears the inscription Descendit former patribus Romanorum ) . From the ninth century , first ( in chronological order) between the maritime republics , rivaled Pisa, Venice and Genoa for control of the Mediterranean Sea .
The Maritime Code of Amalfi, better known as the Amalfi Tables , had a great influence until the seventeenth century.
Amalfi reached its maximum splendor in the XI century , then began a rapid decline: in 1131 it was conquered by the Normans and nel1135 and 1137 and sacked by Pisa. In 1343 , then , a storm resulting tsunami destroyed much of the city .
The most famous monument of Amalfi is certainly the Duomo in Arab-Sicilian style and currently dedicated to Saint Andrew , the patron saint of the city. Fact that most of you should talk Duomo Cathedral complex , as the current building is overlapping and shadowing of the various churches of various ages. The first building dedicated to Christian worship, was an early Christian church dating back to the sixth century AD , which , as in many similar cases throughout Italy, probably replaced a temple dedicated to the Roman gods . Between the sixth and ninth centuries AD, the first cathedral built on the former early Christian , was dedicated to the Holy Mary of the Assumption , patron saint of Amalfi before . The present church dedicated to St. Andrew dates from the ninth century AD , it was built next to the previous and communicating with the same , commissioned by the Duke Manso I, later additions were made to it in medieval and baroque ( as the Campanile , the ' altar of St. Andrew, with two statues by Bernini , the Cloister of Paradise , erected by Bishop Philip Augustariccio and where there was a high-relief sarcophagus representing " the wedding of Peleus and Thetis " on the lateral surface and " Romulus and Remus suckled by the wolf "to one of the leaders , with the inscription medieval " Cesarius de Alaneo ( Alagna ) Amalfi .... MCCLXIII "," CESAREUS Alaneo IACET ARCHIDIACONUS ISTE IURIBUS ornatus WHICH PRESTES COELIVA Criste Electus FUERAT Salerni QUIEVIT PROVIDUS ET LARGUS fOR DEATH FAMAM SUAM CREVIT " his seal is preserved in the Diocesan Museum of Salerno. 4 the bronze doors with panels of silver depicting Christ , the Virgin , St. Andrew and St. Peter, made in 1066 in Constantinople , on commission of the Noble Pantaleon Comite de Maurone ; coffered ceiling covered in gold ) .
Ravello was founded in the fifth century as a place of refuge from the incursions of the barbarians that marked the fall of the Western Roman Empire , but there immigrated to the legend of the patricians Amalfi after a clash between factions of the more high- class Coast, which resulted almost in a civil war.
The town grew in population , thriving with art and with the wool trade to the Mediterranean and Byzantium and reached its heyday in the ninth century , under the Maritime Republic of Amalfi and the Principality of Salerno.
At the behest of the Norman Roger , son of Robert Guiscard , Ravello became a bishopric in 1086 placing it in contrast to the Amalfi too powerful .
At the turn of the twelfth century, the city came to have a population of over 25,000 inhabitants.
In 1135 he managed to withstand the attacks made by the Pisans to the Duchy of Amalfi, but two years later, in 1137, succumbed , was plundered and destroyed .
Those who arrive in Positano along a winding road that runs along a rocky wall rich in Mediterranean vegetation: clumps of gorse and rosemary sprouting along the rugged coast that is the setting for a crystalline green sea.
Suddenly, it opens an unforgettable scene, vision between myth and dream Positano. Along the stretch of road that unfolds within it, you will come across narrow alleys and articulated, steps that overlook picturesque views and stunning, made of terraced gardens, pergolas of lemons and bougainvillea multicolored spots.
White houses clinging to the rocks, protruding balconies with geraniums and daisies adorned with flowers that are held up in the town center until you get to the beach, Positano from which looks like a pyramid of houses that climb toward the sky along the coast then immersed in green, open and hidden coves looking unexplored.
The majestic Doric temples, illuminated by sunlight and the long coastal strip, brushed by a sparkling sea, are the elements which make Paestum a charming place in which you can spend your holidays. The old city is located in a strategic position, a few km South of the Amalfi Coast and on the north of the Cilento Coast, it is the door to the National Park of Cilento.
Considered by the U.N.E.S.C.O. as a world heritage, Paestum remains, for its art, nature, tastes and events which characterize it, one of the most important beautiful cities of Magna Grecia, which must be visited and discovered.
Placed in the heart of the homounymous gulf, portrayed by the famous salernitan poet Alfonso Gatto as the "lunato" (lunar),Salerno represents the combination between a fascinating history and a huge sphere af artistic, urbanistic and architectural beauties. Its provenances are very old and, above all, extremely high-toned. The first statements of the town are about 194 a.C. when, at the feet of the Castrum Salerni (now the hill of the Arechi castle) borned a roman settlement.
Under the empire of Costantin, Salerno becomes the main seat of the province of Lucania et Brutium. But by the time the city subjected several Barbarian invasions, and while in this period of time the clergy was becoming always more preminent especially on the political and social point of view.
Among the VII and the VIII century Salerno, full of wealthy traders, was conquerred twice by the Longobards: in 646 and in 759. Thanks to the historical chagement there is the birth of the Principality of Salerno, governed by the Duke Arechi II, who will have his residence in the magnificent and majestic castle the now has its name and that stands above the hill where the Castrum Salerni was located.
The city spreads along the West coast of the gulf toward the Pianura Campana. The map gives you the possibility to notice the "different Naples " during 2500 years of history: the primitive Greek nucleus; the Greek –Roman city; the medieval city; the Swabian and then Aragonese city; finally the city of the XIX and XX century which extends until the boundaries of Campi Flegrei. Naples is a city of contrasts, sometimes of paradoxes: medieval quarters which preserve the ceremonial of the markets of that age, others which are already different from their boundaries. Some years ago even the anthropological characters allowed to establish the zone of origin or the houses of people. An element stands out among the others: the mildness of the climate.
In the province of Naples, on the slopes of Vesuvius Pompei covers an area of 12 sq km. with around 26,000 inhabitants. It 'a modern reality with its tourist facilities, hotels, campgrounds, restaurants, pizzerias, bars, pubs and several shops. It 'a cosmopolitan city, a major destination for tourism from Italy and abroad. Many of these tourists staying in the city not only the visit, but also use as a basis for their trips, and in many nearby tourist resorts, both within easy reach with your vehicle with public transport. In the recent past, Pompeii was twinned with the cities of Latiano in Puglia, Kjongiu (South Korea), Tarragona (Spain) and Xi'an (China). Pompeii rises to the rank of cities on January 9, 2004. The primary characteristic that makes it unique, is to enclose under one name two cities.That ancient pagan buried from about six meters of ash and lapilli following an eruption of Vesuvius, which took place in August 79 AD where many were dead. In the sixteenth century was discovered almost by chance during the construction of an aqueduct and proof of this is placed a plaque near port Nocera.